The Internet of Things, or IoT for short, is a network of physical internet-connected devices that can collect and share data across a network. Simply put, IoT is a term used to describe objects connected to the internet.
Your Apple Watch? That’s part of IoT. Google Home? Yup, that’s an IoT device too. Heck, over the last few years, IoT has quietly taken the world by storm, and it isn’t slowing down anytime soon. In fact, by 2020 there will be 31 billion devices connected to the Internet of Things. To put things into perspective, that’s more than three IoT devices for every person on earth. IoT devices are the devices which we use in a daily life’s such as your phones and laptops. But phones and computers only make up a small part of IoT. IoT devices include anything that can connect to the internet to send and receive data. And it turns out that almost anything can be connected this way.
All of these IoT devices and platforms around us accomplish a diverse range of tasks that go way beyond our very imagination. According to Forbes, 84% of the growing IoT applications will be dominated by a few main industries: Smart Cities (26%), Industrial IoT (24%), Connected Health (20%), and Smart Homes (14%). Keeping this in mind. Let’s go through some of the following ways how IoT helps us:-
1. Home Security:
Home security is a very important feature of home automation and maybe the most crucial one. Previously home security systems meant having an alarm that would go off when somebody would break in but a smart secure home can do much more than that. Therefore the main objective of our work is to design a system which can alert the
owner and others of an intruder break-in by sending a notification to their smartphones. The owner will also have the ability to stop or start the alarm remotely using just his smartphone. This system will help the users to safeguard their homes by placing the system on the doors or windows and monitoring the activity through their smartphones.
Have you ever imagined a house which would talk to you or which would shut the lights for you when you ask it to? No, right because all those things only happen in movies but not anymore. Now you can just relax and let the connected devices do the work for you. Amazon’s Alexa is currently one of the most popular and well-known smart home devices. Alexa can perform a wide variety of tasks like calling an Uber, reading you a recipe, and of course, ordering items instantly from Amazon. Other such devices are Google Home and Apple HomePod which help make IoT technology accessible to a broad audience and allow more people to become comfortable with bringing IoT into their personal spaces.
Outside of our homes, IoT is beginning to revolutionize the healthcare and health monitoring industries. Hospitals are already able to remotely monitor their patients’ health and collect data using connected medical devices like insulin pumps and heart monitors. This allows doctors to catch early signs of problems and take preventive action.
Within hospitals themselves, connected devices help staff more efficiently manage resources and space. In some cases, that can literally save a life. Sensors on hospital beds that tell when and where beds are open which help reduce waiting time by up to four hours. And monitoring on critical equipment prevents vital hardware from breaking when it is needed most.
3. Smart City:
Imagine a world where there’s always Wi-Fi, city trash cans never overflow, and parking spots are readily available. With the Internet of Things, that world can be a reality. The technology is increasingly influencing urban planning and design to make cities smarter. The adoption of IoT by smart cities is also increasingly important for a larger portion of the population. Every week, 1.3 million people move into cities. This type of mass migration can put a massive strain on a city’s infrastructure.
By building up information and communication technology, or ICT infrastructure, and sharing data through IoT connected devices, cities can alleviate some of the issues that come with all that growth. In smart cities, sensors embedded in roadways that detect traffic volumes and adjust street lights accordingly reduce commute times.
Smart cities are very pristine because of smart garbage cans and dumpsters which automatically compact the trash or send alerts to waste management officials to be emptied. The structural integrity of bridges, tunnels, and buildings can be monitored in real time to avoid catastrophes.
As the number of people in the world increase, there is an increase in the rates of car accidents. But with the help of IoT. The numbers of accidents have reduced. Using smart sensors, cars or buses could alert other vehicles of potential road hazards, reckless drivers, or even oncoming traffic delays. While inside the vehicle, cars could help drivers who may be impaired, falling asleep or those that might be suffering from a medical emergency.
Smart transportation doesn’t just include self-driving cars and drones, sensors inside airplanes can alert maintenance crews of any issues, GPS apps can help safely navigate you to your destination. In the case of Public Transit, Real-time tracking of vehicles in an IoT ecosystem could help passengers travel at ease and help a city better manage its public fleet. Passengers could receive personalized travel information about unexpected delays or events that could be delaying their commute.